Reflections on how arts education today in public schools dangerously perpetuates biased expectations and limits actual independent/creative thinking? Let’s talk.
A few years ago, I observed an experienced teaching artist working with second-grade students on physicalizing a story. The children were mesmerized by her animated gestures and excited by the moments she allowed them to join in. At one point she asked, “What does a tree look like?” and stretched her arms out to the side at shoulder level. Most of the children mirrored her gesture exactly. I had seen this moment many times, but this time it made me wonder: If an artist models for the students as she asks the question, what space is given to students to come up with their own version of a tree? We are constantly modeling and spelling out learning goals up front. Is this training students not to think on their own? Isn’t having space to ponder necessary for children to strengthen their ability to make their own connections and foster their innate creative ability? I began to see something I had been trying to articulate for years. Is the way we teach the arts in school stifling creativity?
The artist I observed was a white woman and the students were all of color, a common situation given that the New York City public school system is primarily populated (85%) by students of color. There are many documented ways in which bias and racism play out in schools: disproportionate behaviour management for Black and Latino boys; empowered White parents advocating for their children’s placement in gifted programs; and lower expectations for Black, Latinx, poor, English language learner and new immigrant students. By giving students the answer to what a tree looks like, are we too assuming they don’t have the capacity to make the connection on their own? What assumptions have the arts education field blindly adopted that align with institutional biases negatively affecting student success? What other ways is this being manifested that I too am blinded from seeing?
Arts Educators speak about the intrinsic value of the arts, the transferable skills that students learn, and the arts as a means to explore social justice topics. However, even with a commitment to nurturing the creative voices of young people, teacher-centered and outcome-driven structures often mirror the curricular frameworks used in other disciplines. We specify goals and learner outcomes and explicitly state what activities lead to those outcomes. Although we talk about young people learning to think independently, creatively, collaboratively, and critically, focusing on outcomes can unintentionally leave little space for wrestling with ambiguity, learning from mistakes, and taking risks with something unplanned, as is integral to the artistic process.
The concepts I have now observed to be more connected with the artistic process are culturally responsive and culturally competent teaching, critical literacy, and restorative justice. What draws me to these is the idea of starting by listening to students. As arts educators, if we started with listening, what would be shifted in our planning? What power would we have to relinquish in order to give students more autonomy? What assumptions and biases would we have to face? These are questions I would like to explore more in the coming months.
If these are questions you have as well? I would be open to creating a learning community together. Let me know your thoughts.